Malama Kekahi I kekahiHawaiian Proverb
Hōkū Nui Maui is incorporating regenerative and Hawaiian farming best practices, working in harmony with animals and nature; without the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides.
As our pasture improves, the seed bank imbedded in our soil provide new forage and increased coverage; allowing an increase in our animal stocking density. This regenerative cycle accelerates our ecological heath and improves our financial resources.
We are planting native habitat, fruit and nut trees; as well as canoe and row crops that will thrive in our microclimate. These farming practices will provide high quality meat, fruits and produce for our local community.
FARMING | Rotational Cattle Grazing
Managed with electric fencing, cattle are moved 2 to 4 times daily and complete a full rotation of our property in 30 to 45 days.
Our cattle have become relatively docile and move in as little as 15 minutes. Sheep, chickens and other livestock compliment this process.
> Pastures are fertilized with manure and allowed to recover before the next grazing cycle. This maximizes forage nutrition and stimulates root growth.
> Non-selective grazing promotes growth of “high octane” forage.
> Virtually eliminates the cost of mowing, plowing and seeding our pastures.
FARMING | Chickens
Our Barred Rock and Australorp hens are both hearty, dual purpose breeds that were specifically selected for their strong foraging traits in addition to being dependable layers. As they follow the cattle in a rotational grazing style, they purify the pasture of unwanted pests to insure the health of our livestock. They also add their own fertilizer to the fields as they travel. Our flocks reside in two mobile caravans that serve as home base. Here they have nesting boxes, food, water, shade, and shelter from predators at night.
Each morning the caravan doors are opened and our industrious hens greet fresh pasture and a new day.
FARMING | Sheep
We have chosen the white Dorper breed as the Hōkū Nui sheep family. The Dorper was developed in South Africa during the 1930s by crossing the Dorset ram to the Black Headed Persian ewe, which was indigenous to Africa. Dorpers were imported into North America in the mid 1990s. Our 7 registered ewes and 5 rams were selected for breeding stock along with 97 commercial ewes to establish the base of our breeding program. This breed was chosen for their hardiness, year-round breeding and high twinning rates, shedding ability and mild tasting meat. Most consider Dorpers to have the best tasting meat and are highly sought after by chefs at high end restaurants. Our pasture-raised sheep follow the cattle, grazing on different plant species. They also add odorless fertilizer to the fields as they rotate. Our mob of sheep have two mobile shelters and a Maremma guardian dog that protect them from predators.
FARMING | Bee-centered Beekeeping
Collecting honey from wild bee colonies is one of the most ancient human activities. Depictions of humans collecting honey from wild bees date to 15,000 years ago. Bees transfer pollen and seeds from one flower to another, fertilizing the plant so it can grow and produce food. Cross-pollination helps our wild plants to thrive. Raw honey is anti-viral, anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, promotes healthy digestion and strengthens the immune system. Contains natural vitamins, enzymes, powerful antioxidants and other natural nutrients.
FARMING | Yeoman’s Plow
Yeoman’s subsoil plow. Developed by P.A. Yeoman, our pastures are plowed following the natural contours of our landscape.
This minimizes the disruption of our soil and microorganisms, cutting through and aerating compacted, degraded soils.
> Water, manure, nutrients and soil are captured in the subsoil plow lines, creating a more hospitable environment for soil microbiology and creating an erosion-resistant landscape.
> Redistributes water along our ridgelines, delaying the flow towards valleys and gulches.
> Mitigates Maui’s soil loss; which otherwise runs off to our fragile reef system.